Violations of anti-doping rules include the inclusion of prohibited substances or their metabolites or markers in body samples taken from athletes. Athletes can be tested at any time during the competition, outside competition, or in the training place. Doping test is usually undertaken by licensed anti-doping organizations and the examination of samples is carried out in a professional laboratory sanctioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Once the analysis is completed, the result of the doping test will be informed to the concerned athlete.
Now lets’ look at the rights athletes has in connection with anti-doping.
- Can verify doping control officer’s license and their credentials to carry out the doping test
- Athletes should be informed about the place where the test is going to be carried out, the course of doping control, and also what will happen if they refuse to undergo the doping test.
- Can select the representative
Athletes can do the following with permission and along with a doping control personnel or assistant commissioner:
- Find a representative
- Gather the belongings of the athlete
- Perform stretching after training
- Carry on with the competition, or out of competition testing and complete the training
- Acquire essential medical treatment
- Take part in a presentation function
- Demand for the real, closed drink, or ingest your own
- Pick a collection container and make sure it is clean and intact. If the athlete is not satisfied with it, he/ she can choose another one
- Comments on the implementation of doping control protocols
- Ask the representative to review and put signature on the record
- Ensure the inspection protocol does not procure any personally identifiable information
- Get a copy of the log
Now let’s look at some of the responsibilities of athletes
- Must be aware of and adhere to all relevant anti-doping rules and regulations promulgated under the Code
- Allow sampling at any time
- Responsible for anti-doping related ingestion and use
- Has the responsibility to notify medical personnel of their duty not to use prohibited substances and methods and to ensure that the medical care received does not violate the rules adopted under anti-doping policies and norms.
- Inform national anti-doping agencies and the IBU of any anti-doping rule violation that has been committed by the athlete in the last decade.
- Work with anti-doping organizations to investigate anti-doping rule violations
- Reveal the identities of athlete support personnel (ASP) at the request of an anti-doping organization
A doping test is conducted to safeguard clean athletes. The use of prohibited substances and methods can have an adverse effect on the health of athletes and can also offer an unauthorized competitive advantage. During the test, the athlete’s urine, blood, or both are collected as samples. In fact, there exist two kinds of doping tests, in-competition tests, and out-of-competition tests. Athletes can be called for testing anytime and tests can be carried out anywhere.